Federica Coppari

Research Scientist
Physics Division
Email: coppari1@llnl.gov
Phone: +19254245672

Education

  • Ph.D., Materials Science, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, 2010
  • M.Sc., Physics, University of Camerino, Italy, 2007
  • B.Sc., Physics, University of Camerino, Italy, 2004

Research Interests

  • Materials science at Extreme Conditions, Earth & Planetary Science: Structure and dynamics of solids, amorphous and liquid systems; Equations of State; Kinetics and thermodynamic of phase transitions; Material strength and deformation at high strain rate
  • Warm Dense Matter and High Energy Density Physics: Short and long-range atomic structure; Hydrodynamics; Equations of state and phase transitions;  Development of new experimental techniques and capabilities

Expertise: Experimental Physics at Extreme Conditions

Laser-driven Dynamic Compression: Ramp and shock loading; Ultrafast optical Doppler velocimetry (VISAR); Ultra-fast x-ray absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS); Nanosecond x-ray di raction (XRD); Spectroscopy
Static Compression Techniques: Diamond anvil cell; Large-volume press; Synchrotron-based EXAFS and XRD; Raman spectroscopy
Experimental Design and Data Analysis: Hydrodynamic simulations; Advanced Igor and Matlab programming; EXAFS data analysis (GNXAS and FEFF)

Selected Publications

See also ORCID and below for a complete list of publications

  1. Implications of the iron oxide phase transition on the interiors of rocky exoplanets, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, J. Wang, M. Millot, D. Kim, J. R. Rygg, S. Hamel, J. H. Eggert, T. S. Duffy, Nature Geoscience, (2021) link
  2. Metastability of Diamond Ramp-Compressed to 2 TPa, A. Lazicki, D. McGonegle, J. R. Rygg, D. Braun, D. Swift, M Gorman, R. Smith, P. Heighway, A. Higginbotham, M. Suggit, D. Fratanduono, F. Coppari, C. Wehrenberg, R. Kraus, D. Erskine, J. McNaney, R. Rudd, G. Collins, J. Eggert, J. Wark Nature, 589, 532 (2021) link
  3. Nanosecond x-ray diffraction of shock compressed superionic water ice, M. Millot, F. Coppari, J. R. Rygg, A. Correa Barrios, S. Hamel, D. C. Swift, and J. H. Eggert Nature, 569, 251 (2019) Co-first authors, equal contribution link
  4. Optimized x-ray sources for x-ray diffraction measurements at the Omega Laser Facility, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, D. B. Thorn, J. R. Rygg, D. A. Liedahl, R. G. Kraus, A. Lazicki, M. Millot, J. H. Eggert, Review of Scientific Instruments, 90, 125113 (2019) link
  5. Experimental evidence for superionic water ice using shock compression, M. Millot, S. Hamel, J. R. Rygg, P. M. Celliers, G. W. Collins, F. Coppari, D. E. Fratanduono, R. Jeanloz, D. C. Swift, J. H. Eggert, Nature Physics, 14, 297 (2018) link
  6. X-Ray Source Development for EXAFS measurements on the National Ignition Facility, F. Coppari, D. B. Thorn, G. E. Kemp, R. S. Craxton, E. M. Garcia, Y. Ping, J. H. Eggert, M. B. Schneider Review of Scientific Instruments, 88, 083907 (2017) link
  7. Experimental evidence for a phase transition in magnesium oxide at exoplanet pressures, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, J. H. Eggert, J. Wang, J. R. Rygg, A. Lazicki, J. A. Hawreliak, G. W. Collins, T. S. Duffy, Nature Geoscience 6, 926 (2013) link
  8. Solid iron compressed up to 560 GPa, Y. Ping, F. Coppari, D. G. Hicks, B. Yaakobi, D. E. Fratanduono, S. Hamel, J. H. Eggert, J. R. Rygg, R. F. Smith, D. C. Swift, D. G. Braun, T. R. Boehly, and G. W. Collins, Physical Review Letters 111, 065501 (2013) link

Synergistic Activities and outreach

  • Popular media: Nature Research Astronomy Community, Quanta Magazine, National Geographic, Media INAF, Tra Scienza e Coscienza
  • Youtube: Seeker, LLNL
  • Outreach: Professional in the Classroom: explain high pressure physics and career path to 8th grade students at Junction School, Livermore CA (2019); Lead and organization of “Physics of phase transitions” workshop for 6th and 7th grade students within the project “Ex- panding your horizons” (encourage girls to STEM career), San Ramon, CA (2018);
  • Member of American Physical Society and AIRAPT
  • Member of Technical Organizing Committee for the APS-SCCM (Shock Compression of Condensed Matter) 2019 and 2017
  • Member of the PLS Workforce & Communication Committee to promote and expand diversity and inclusion at LLNL, Physics Division representative (2020)
  • Science Ambassador for the LLNL HED Center (2019-)

Complete list of peer-reviewed publications

[43] Implications of the iron oxide phase transition on the interiors of rocky exoplanets, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, J. Wang, M. Millot, D. Kim, J. R. Rygg, S. Hamel, J. H. Eggert, T. S. Duffy, Nature Geoscience, (2021) link

[42] Metastability of Diamond Ramp-Compressed to 2 TPa, A. Lazicki, D. McGonegle, J. R. Rygg, D. Braun, D. Swift, M Gorman, R. Smith, P. Heighway, A. Higginbotham, M. Suggit, D. Fratanduono, F. Coppari, C. Wehrenberg, R. Kraus, D. Erskine, J. McNaney, R. Rudd, G. Collins, J. Eggert, J. Wark Nature, 589, 532 (2021) link

[41] Optimized continuum x-ray emission from laser-generated plasma, A. Krygier, G. E. Kemp, F. Coppari, D. B. Thorn, D. Bradley, A. Do, J. H. Eggert, W. Hsing, S. F. Khan, C. Krauland, O. L. Landen, M. J. MacDonald, J. M. McNaney, H.-S. Park, B. A. Remington, M. Rubery, M. B. Schneider, H. Sio, Y. Ping Applied Physics Letters, 117,  251106 (2020) link

[40] Foil backlighter development at the OMEGA laser facility for Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure experiments, A. Do, F. Coppari, Y. Ping, A. Krygier, G. E. Kemp, M. Schneider, J. M. McNaney Review of Scientific Instruments, 91, 086101 (2020) link

[39] X-ray diffraction at the National Ignition Facility, J. R. Rygg , R. F. Smith, A. E. Lazicki, D. G. Braun, D. E. Fratanduono , R. G. Kraus, J. M. McNaney, D. C. Swift, C. E. Wehrenberg, F. Coppari, M. F.  Ahmed, M. A. Barrios , K. J. M. Blobaum, G. W. Collins, A. L. Cook, P. Di Nicola, E. G. Dzenitis, S. Gonzales, B. F. Heidl, M. Hohenberger , A. House, N. Izumi, D. H. Kalantar, S. F. Khan, T. R. Kohut, C. Kumar, N. D. Masters, D. N. Polsin, S. P. Regan, C. A. Smith, R. M. Vignes, M. A. Wall, J. Ward, J. S. Wark , T. L. Zobrist, A. Arsenlis , and J. H. Eggert Review of Scientific Instruments, 91, 043902 (2020) link

[38] Recreating giants impacts in the laboratory: Shock-compression of MgSiO3 bridgmanite to 14 Mbar, M. Millot, S. Zhang, D. E. Fratanduono, F. Coppari, S. Hamel, B. Militzer, D. Simonova, S. Shcheka, N. Dubrovin- skaia, L. Dubrovinsky, J. H. Eggert Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL085476 (2020) link

[37] Probing the solid phase of noble metal copper at terapascal conditions, D. E. Fratanduono, R. F. Smith, S.  J.  Ali,  D.  G.  Braun,  A.  Fernandez-Pan˜ella,  S.  Zhang,  R.  G.  Kraus,  F. Coppari,  J.  M.  McNaney,  M.  C. Marshall, L. E. Kirch, D. C. Swift, M. Millot, J. K. Wicks, and J. E. Eggert Physical Review Letters 124, 015701 (2020) link

[36] Optimized x-ray sources for x-ray diffraction measurements at the Omega Laser Facility, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, D. B. Thorn, J. R. Rygg, D. A. Liedahl, R. G. Kraus, A. Lazicki, M. Millot, J. H. Eggert, Review of Scientific Instruments, 90, 125113 (2019) link

[35] Coordination changes in liquid tin under shock compression determined using in situ femtosecond x-ray diffraction, R. Briggs, M. G. Gorman, S. Zhang, D. McGonegle, A. L. Coleman, F. Coppari, M. A. Morales, R. F. Smith, J. K. Wicks, C. A. Bolme, A. E. Gleason, H. J. Lee, B. Nagler, M. I. McMahon, J. H. Eggert, and D. E. Fratanduono, Applied Physics Letters, 115, 264101 (2019) link

[34] Measurement  of body-centered  cubic gold and melting under shock  compression, R. Briggs,  F. Coppari, M. G. Gorman, R. F. Smith, S. J. Tracy, A. L. Coleman, A. Fernandez-Pan˜ella, M. Millot, J. H. Eggert, and D. E. Fratanduono, Physical Review Letters 123, 045701 (2019) link

[33] Nanosecond x-ray diffraction of shock compressed superionic water ice, M. Millot, F. Coppari, J. R. Rygg, A. Correa Barrios, S. Hamel, D. C. Swift, and J. H. Eggert Nature, 569, 251 (2019) Co-first authors, equal contribution link

[32] Development of Quartz and Molybdenum as Impedance-Matching Standards in the 100-Mbar regime, M. C. Marshall,  A. E. Lazicki,  D. Erskine,  R. A. London,  D. E. Fratanduono,  P.  M. Celliers, J. H. Eggert, F. Coppari, D. C. Swift, P. A. Sterne, H. D. Whitley, J. Nilsen, Physical Review B, 99, 174101 (2019) link

[31] Equation of state of boron nitride combining computation, modeling, and experiment, S. Zhang, A. Lazicki,  B.  Militzer,  L.  H.  Yang,  K.  Caspersen,  J.  A.  Gaffney,  M.  W.  Dane,  J.  E.  Pask,  W.  R.  Johnson,  A. Sharma, P. Suryanarayana, D. D. Johnson, A. V. Smirnov, P. A. Sterne, D. Erskine, R. A. London, F. Coppari, D. Swift, J. Nilsen, A. J. Nelson, and H. D. Whitley Physical Review B, 99, 165103 (2019) link

[30] X-ray spectrometer throughput model for (selected) flat Bragg crystal spectrometers on laser plasma facilities, D. B. Thorn, F. Coppari, T. Doeppner, M. MacDonald, S. P. Regan and M. B. Schneider, Review of Scientific Instruments, 89, 10F119 (2018) link

[29] A new toroidal x-ray crystal spectrometer for the diagnosis of high energy density plasmas at the Na- tional  Ignition  Facility,  M. Bitter,  K. W. Hill,  LanGao,  B. F. Kraus,  P.  C. Eftihimion,  L. Delgado-Apericio, N.  Pablant,  B.  Stratton,  M.  Schneider,  F. Coppari,  R.  Kauffman,  A.  G.  MacPhee,  Y.  Ping,  and  D. Thorn, Review of Scientific Instruments, 89, 10F118 (2018) link

[28] Developing a high-flux, high-energy continuum backlighter for extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements at the National Ignition Facility, A. Krygier, F. Coppari, G. E. Kemp, D. B. Thorn, R. S. Crax- ton, J. H. Eggert, E. M. Garcia, J. M. McNaney, H.-S. Park, Y. Ping, B. A. Remington, and M. B. Schneider, Review of Scientific Instruments, 89, 10F114 (2018) link

[27] X-ray diffraction of ramp-compressed Aluminum to 475 GPa, D. N. Polsin, D. E. Fratanduono, J. R. Rygg, A. Lazicki, R. F. Smith, J. H. Eggert, M. C. Gregor, B. H. Henderson, X. Gong, J. A. Delettrez, R. G. Kraus, P. M. Celliers, F. Coppari, D. C. Swift, C. A. McCoy, C. T. Seagle, J.-P. Davis, S. J. Burns, G. W. Collins, T. R. Boehly, Physics of Plasma, 25, 082709 (2018) link

[26] Crystal structure and equation of state of Fe-Si alloys at Super-Earth core conditions, J. Wicks, R. F. Smith, D. E. Fratanduono, F. Coppari, R. G. Kraus, M. G. Newman, J. R. Rygg, J. H. Eggert, T. S. Duffy, Science Advances, 4, eaao5864, 2018 link

[25] Measuring the shock impedance mismatch between high-density carbon and deuterium at the National Ignition Facility, M. Millot, P. M. Celliers, P. A. Sterne, L. X. Benedict, A. A. Correa, S. Hamel, S. J. Ali, K. Baker, F. Berzak Hopkins, J. Biener, G. W. Collins, F. Coppari, L. Divol, A. Fernandez-Panella, D. E. Fratanduono, S. W. Haan, S. Le Pape, N. B. Meezan, A. S. Moore, J. D. Moody, J. E. Ralph, J. S. Ross, J. R. Rygg, C. Thomas, D. P. Turnbull, C. Wild, J. H. Eggert, Physical Review B, 97, 144108 (2018) link

[24] Experimental evidence for superionic water ice using shock compression, M. Millot, S. Hamel, J. R. Rygg, P. M. Celliers, G. W. Collins, F. Coppari, D. E. Fratanduono, R. Jeanloz, D. C. Swift, J. H. Eggert, Nature Physics, 14, 297 (2018) link

[23] Measurement of Body-Centered-Cubic Aluminum at 475 GPa, D. N. Polsin, D. E. Fratanduono, J. R. Rygg, A. Lazicki, R. F. Smith, J. H. Eggert, M. C. Gregor, B. H. Henderson, J. A. Delettrez, R. G. Kraus, P. Celliers, F. Coppari, D. C. Swift, C. A. McCoy, C. T. Seagle, J.-P. Davis, S. J. Burns, G. W. Collins, T. R. Boehly, Physical Review Letter, 119, 175702 (2017) link

[22] Shock equation of state of 6LiH to 1.1 TPa, A. Lazicki, R. A. London, F. Coppari, D. Erskine, H. D. Whitley, K. J. Caspersen, D. E. Fratanduono, M. A. Morales, P. M. Celliers, J. H. Eggert, M. Millot, D. C. Swift, G. W. Collins, S. O. Kucheyev, J. I. Castor, J. Nilsen, Physical Review B, 96, 134101 (2017) link

[21] X-Ray Source Development for EXAFS measurements on the National Ignition Facility, F. Coppari, D. B. Thorn, G. E. Kemp, R. S. Craxton, E. M. Garcia, Y. Ping, J. H. Eggert, M. B. Schneider Review of Scientific Instruments, 88, 083907 (2017) link

[20] X-Ray Diffraction of Molybdenum Under Ramp Compression to 1 TPa, J. Wang, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, J. H. Eggert, A. E. Lazicki, D. E. Fratanduono, J. R. Rygg, T. R. Boehly, G. W. Collins, and T. S. Duffy Physical Review B, 94, 104102 (2016) link

[19] Laser shock XAFS studies at OMEGA facility, Y. Ping and F. Coppari High Pressure Research,  36, 303 (2016) link

[18] Hydrodynamic growth experiments with the 3-D, “native-roughnes” modulations on NIF, V. A. Smalyuk, S. V. Weber, D. Casey, D. S. Clark, F. Coppari, J. E. Field, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, A. Hamza, W. Hsing, O. Landen, A. Nikroo, H. F. Robey, and C. R. Weber Journal of Physics: Conference Series 717, 012052 (2016) link

[17] X-Ray Diffraction of Molybdenum Under Shock Compression to 450 GPa, J. Wang, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, J. H. Eggert, A. E. Lazicki, D. E. Fratanduono, J. R. Rygg, T. R. Boehly, G. W. Collins, and T. S. Duffy Physical Review B 92, 174114 (2015) link

[16] X-Ray Diffraction of Solid Tin to 1.2 TPa, A. Lazicki, J. R. Rygg, F. Coppari, R. Smith, D. Fratan- duono, R. G. Kraus, G. W. Collins, R. Briggs, D. G. Braun, D. C. Swift, and J. H. Eggert Physical Review Letters, 115, 075502 (2015) link

[15] Lattice-level observation of the elastic-to-plastic relaxation process with subnanosecond resolution in shock compressed Ta using time-resolved in-situ Laue diffraction, C. E. Wehrenberg, A. J. Comley, N. R. Bar-  ton, F. Coppari, D. Fratanduono, C. M. Huntington, B. R. Maddox, H.-S. Park, C. Plechaty, B. A. Remington, R. E. Rudd Physical Review B, 92, 104305 (2015) link

[14] Analysis of laser shock experiments on precompressed samples using a quartz reference and application to warm dense hydrogen and helium, S. Brygoo, M. Millot, P. Loubeyre, A. E. Lazicki, S. Hamel, T. Qi, P. M. Celliers, F. Coppari, J. H. Eggert, D. E. Fratanduono, D. G. Hicks, J. R. Rygg, R. F. Smith, D. C. Swift, G. W. Collins and R. Jeanloz Journal of Applied Physics 118, 195901 (2015) link

[13] Ramp  Compression  of  Magnesium  Oxide  to  234  GPa, J. Wang, R. F. Smith, F. Coppari, J. H. Eggert, T. R. Boehly, G. W. Collins, T. S. Duffy, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 500, 062002 (2014) link

[12] Single Photon Energy Dispersive X-ray Diffraction, A. Higginbotham, S. Patel, J. Hawreliak, O. Ciri- costa, G. W. Collins, F. Coppari, J. H. Eggert, M. J. Suggit, H. Tang, J. S. Wark, Review Scientific Instru- ments 85, 033906 (2014) link

[11] Experimental evidence for a phase transition in magnesium oxide at exoplanet pressures, F. Coppari, R. F. Smith, J. H. Eggert, J. Wang, J. R. Rygg, A. Lazicki, J. A. Hawreliak, G. W. Collins, T. S. Duffy, Nature Geoscience 6, 926 (2013) link

[10] Solid iron compressed up to 560 GPa, Y. Ping, F. Coppari, D. G. Hicks, B. Yaakobi, D. E. Fratanduono, S. Hamel, J. H. Eggert, J. R. Rygg, R. F. Smith, D. C. Swift, D. G. Braun, T. R. Boehly, and G. W. Collins, Physical Review Letters 111, 065501 (2013) link

[9] A platform for x-ray absorption fine structure study of dynamically compressed materials above 1 Mbar, Y. Ping, D. G. Hicks, B. Yaakobi, F. Coppari, J. Eggert, G. W. Collins, Review Scientific Instruments 84, 123105 (2013) link

[8]  Powder  diffraction  from  solids  in  the  TeraPascal  regime,  J.  R.  Rygg,  J.  H.  Eggert,  A.  E.  Lazicki, F. Coppari, J. A. Hawreliak, D. G. Hicks, R. F. Smith, C. M Sorce, T. M. Uphaus, B. Yaakobi, G. W. Collins, Review of Scientific Instruments 83, 113904 (2012) link

[7] Pressure-induced transformations in amorphous SiGe alloys, F. Coppari, A. Polian, N. Menguy, A. Tra- pananti, A. Congeduti, M. Newville, V. B. Prakapenka, Y. Choi, E. Principi, A. Di Cicco, Physical Review B 85, 045201 (2012) link

[6] Combination of optical and X-ray techniques in the study of amorphous semiconductors under high pres- sure: an upgrade setup for combined XAS and XRD measurements, F. Coppari, A. Di Cicco, E. Principi, A. Trapananti, N. Pinto, A. Polian, S. Chagnot, A. Congeduti, High Pressure Research 30, 28 (2010) link

[5] Pressure effects on icosahedral short range order in undercooled copper, M. Celino, F. Coppari, A. Di Cicco, Solid State Sciences, 12, 179 (2010) link

[4] Pressure-induced phase transitions in amorphous and metastable crystalline Germanium by Raman scat- tering, x-ray spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations, F. Coppari, J. C. Chervin, A. Congeduti, M. Lazzeri, A. Polian, E. Principi, A. Di Cicco, Physical Review B, 80, 115213 (2009) link

[3] Amorphous Germanium under high-pressure conditions, F. Coppari, A. Di Cicco, A. Congeduti, J. C. Chervin, F. Baudelet, A. Polian, High Pressure Research 29, 103 (2009) link

[2] Interplay between morphology and metallization in amorphous-amorphous transition, A. Di Cicco, A. Congeduti, F. Coppari, J. C. Chervin, F. Baudelet, A. Polian, Physical  Review  B  78,  033309  (2008) link

[1] Local  structure of liquid and undercooled liquid Cu probed  by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, F.  Coppari, A. Di Cicco, A. Filipponi, A. Trapananti, G. Aquilanti, S. De Panfilis, J. Physics: Conference Series 121, 042009 (2008) link